Corporate Language Training

What is corporate language training?

First, let’s start with the definition of Corporate training.

CT means ensuring that employees improve their skills and performance by focusing on professional development. 

Here is a quick breakdown of what career and personal development programs enable:

  • Providing employees with career growth opportunities aligned with company objectives, goals, and strategies
  • Upskill or maintain knowledge of current job-related tasks
  • Develop personal skills and abilities for soft skill topics to plan for personal growth
  • Enhance or obtain education, abilities, and skills for duties unrelated to current job to achieve self-set goals and career objectives.
  • Better community members and happier individuals

Employees are interested in learning too. According to LinkedIn, 94% of employees want to work for a company that invests in their professional development.

One area of corporate training found at almost every company is Computer training, but what happens with Languages? When working in international companies, EMPLOYEES SHOULD BE ABLE TO COMMUNICATE EFFECTIVELY in ENGLISH, but most companies do not offer Language training.

What’s Corporate language training like?

First, remember, business language refers to the advanced language proficiency necessary for employees to conduct themselves in business settings. It goes beyond the basic skills required for everyday conversation, combining advanced language proficiency with industry-specific terminology required to handle projects in global companies.

International corporations usually have an official corporate language. As they expand operations to countries where other native languages are spoken, new employees need to be fluent in that corporate language.

Very few groups of human resource departments develop and implement formal corporate language training programs to meet this need because these enable businesses to support international growth, open new markets, and share knowledge rapidly and more effectively. Furthermore, it makes corporations more appealing to global talent pools and increases employee loyalty.

Now, if there’s no Language training in your company, take a look at what we do in English Priority here:

https://www.englishpriority.com/business-english-program/

 

“Companies with engaged employees see 22% greater levels of productivity and outperform those without engagement by up to 202%.” —Gallup

 

 

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Tips for Creating a Study Plan

“A goal without a plan is just a wish.” — Antoine de Saint-Exupéry.

 

Creating a study plan allows you to see how you spend your time and ensures that you set aside enough time outside of class to complete homework assignments, study for tests, and review and retain the information you are learning.

Before proceeding, I would like to emphasize that it’s essential to understand that there is no “right” way to make a study plan. Your study plan should be personalized based on your specific needs, classes, and learning style.

 

Let’s check 6 guidelines to get started on creating your study plan.

 

1- Analyze your current study habits and learning style 

Think about what works and what doesn’t work for you. Can you study for long blocks once or twice a week, or is it more effective if you study nightly for thirty minutes? Are you more productive at a certain time of day? Do you retain material better if you study a subject immediately after class, or do you need a break first?

 

2- Evaluate your current schedule and time management

Use a digital or paper calendar to block out your standing commitments, including classes, work, and extracurricular activities. This will let you see how much of your time is available for studying.

 

3- Plan how much time you need to study for each class

Your instructors will give you syllabi for the classes you take. The syllabi will usually include the dates of important exams or projects. You can use these as guides for calculating how much time to set aside for each class, as some courses might be more intensive. It will also help you schedule your study sessions to ensure you have time to complete assignments and prepare for exams.

 

4- Develop a schedule

Add your study sessions to your calendar like any other commitments. Plan out which subject you will study on which day to ensure that you devote enough time to each topic. For example, Mondays and Wednesdays can be set aside for science, while Tuesdays and Fridays can be dedicated to marketing.

 

5- Assess your weekly calendar

Identifying your learning goals for each class will help determine how much time you need to study. Think about what you want to accomplish in each class at the start of the term. 

Then, at the beginning of each week, determine why you need to study and what you plan to accomplish in each study session. Adjust your study plan to meet your weekly goals, and get the most out of each study session.

 

6- Stick to your schedule 

A study plan works best when followed consistently. Develop a study plan for the length of each term. You will have to adjust your plan when you switch your classes. The most important thing is sticking to your plan.

 

WEEKLY VOCABULARY 🗣

📌Commitment: an engagement or obligation that restricts freedom of action.

📌Premature: occurring or done before the usual or proper time; too early.

📌Sticking out: be highly noticeable.

📌Procrastinator: a person who habitually puts off doing things.

📌Diligent: caring and conscientiousness in one’s work or duties.

 

PHRASAL VERBS

📌Put off: postpone something.

Don’t put off what you can do today till tomorrow.

📌Act as something: to do a particular job, especially one that you do not usually do:

“He was asked to act as an adviser on the project.”

 

IDIOMS 📒

📌With one’s nose to the grindstone: to work very hard for a long time.

📌All work and no play: said to warn someone that they will not be an exciting person by working all the time.

 

Related Articles:

📌Creating a Personal Growth Planhttps://www.englishpriority.com/creating-a-personal-growth-plan/

📌How to avoid Procrastination https://www.englishpriority.com/how-to-avoid-procrastination/

📌Overcoming Imposter Syndrom https://www.englishpriority.com/overcoming-imposter-syndrome/



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6 Business Lessons you won’t learn in college

“Knowledge itself is power” 

— Sir Francis Bacon.

Teachers and textbooks can help you prepare for your career, but there are some lessons they won’t prepare you for!
We’ve compiled a list of 6 business-related things every college graduate should know.

1- Great marketing doesn’t guarantee cash

Marketing is about making your presence known to potential consumers and would-be customers. In other words, it isn’t a fix-all solution and is only about generating brand awareness.  

So, a clever marketing campaign and spending a lot of money on advertising will not guarantee a sale. Earning cash requires you to engage with your customers and help offer them value and solutions that help them solve a given problem.

2- Diversification only works if it surrounds a core strength

The word diversify means you work in different industries, or it can mean you generate revenue through several channels.  That being said, even if a business appears to be diversified to an outsider, more often than not, its various business units and revenue streams are just shades of color on the company’s inner canvas.

Today, Amazon has its Airline Prime Air, Whole Foods, and online streaming video service. All those limbs are just branches built on the trunk of Amazon’s core.

3- Hiring great talent isn’t the answer

Everyone talks about the importance of bringing on great people, the need for which is undeniable.  But equally and just as important to find those people is holding on to that talent once you are lucky to get it.

Many managers wrongly think that after all their effort in finding and hiring the perfect candidate, they’re done, forgetting when you lose a good employee, all that training, experience, and knowledge walks out the door with them.

Always be vigilant and go to great lengths to ensure we hold on to the great workers we worked so hard to get.

4- There is no easy way to deal with ethics

Unfortunately, employee misconduct is not uncommon. Disgruntled workers breach their companies’ codes of conduct all the time. Whether misusing company time, taking credit for others’ work, or harassing their colleagues — among many other examples — disgruntled employees raise many ethical issues in the workplace.

Despite the pervasiveness of such behavior, employee misconduct sometimes goes unreported for various reasons. Colleagues may feel threatened by their unscrupulous coworkers or fear backlash for “tattling.” Still, others might simply look the other way to avoid conflict.

Dealing with business ethics is far more difficult than we ever realize – until we’re stuck dealing with such a situation.

5- An organization’s health extends beyond its income statement

While income is essential – it’s the heartbeat – for an organization to survive, many more factors play into its overall well-being.  Innovation, employee morale, efficiency, and a positive public reputation are vital signs managers need to consider.  If your business is bringing in 20% profit with a dissatisfied workforce, antiquated process, and poor quality, image what it could do with a happy workforce, modern technology, and superior quality.

6- Leadership

The only thing that can take a good business and make it exceptional is strong and virtuous leadership at the top, with other great leaders peppered throughout the organization.  Great leaders inspire; they are charismatic, likable, and naturally able to motivate all those talented people within the organization to be at their best.

WEEKLY VOCABULARY 🗣

📌Disgruntled: angry or dissatisfied.

📌Impose: force (something unwelcome or unfamiliar) to be accepted or put in place.

📌Workforce: the people engaged in or available for work, either in a country or area or in a particular company or industry.

📌Prosper: succeed in material terms; be financially successful.

📌Restore: bring back (a previous right, practice, custom, or situation); reinstate.

PHRASAL VERBS ✍

📌Make out: to understand or to see something with clarity.

“In the dim light, it was difficult to make out the illustration.”

📌Piece something together: to understand a story, situation, etc., by taking all the facts and details and putting them together.

“Don’t worry; I’ll piece together a manual for the new system.”

IDIOMS 📒

📌Know something backward and forwards: know something very well. Be an expert, or be well acquainted with something.

📌Under one’s belt: have a lot of experience.

Related Articles:

📌4 tips to boost your productivity https://www.englishpriority.com/4-tips-to-boost-your-productivity/

📌5 tips to become an Independent Learner https://www.englishpriority.com/5-tips-to-become-an-independent-learner/

📌Improving our Networking Skills https://www.englishpriority.com/improving-our-networking-skills/

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Business strategy: Horizontal Integration

“We collectively, to get things done, work together as a team because the work happens horizontally in our company, not vertically. Products are horizontal.” Tim Cook

 

Horizontal integration is a competitive strategy companies use to consolidate their positions and set themselves apart from their competitors. It occurs when a business grows by purchasing related businesses—namely, its competitors. 

In other words, horizontal integrations help companies expand in size, diversify product offerings, reduce competition, and expand into new markets.

 

Let’s take a closer look at horizontal integration’s primary forms, benefits, and drawbacks.

 

Primary forms of horizontal integration

 

1- Merger

Two separate entities create a new, joint organization striving to become a larger presence in their existing market. The brand of one of those two companies is usually retained, though the composition of operations and personnel are shared between the former individual companies. In addition, the product line of both companies is often similar and equally competitive in the market.

 

2- Acquisition

It occurs when one company outright takes over the operations of another company. Though the two companies technically join together, one company remains in control. The acquiring company’s staff, executives, and operations often remain in place, while the acquired company’s resources are integrated as management sees fit.

For example, Microsoft wanted to enhance its presence in the video game market. Therefore, it acquired Activision Blizzard in January 2022.

 

3- Internal Expansion

Through internal expansion, a company chooses to strategically change course and apply more resources in a different way. 

Instead of committing capital to acquire an external company or transition with a merging firm, it decides to deploy those resources in-house to train staff, buy equipment, make capital investments, and grow a new branch of operations on its own.

For example, a restaurant can expand to offer catering companies, or a beverage manufacturer may branch off to make food products.

 

Benefits of horizontal integration

 

1- Larger market share

Successful mergers create a large market share for the integrated company or business units. Horizontally integrated firms improve market share through the expansion of business activities, cost synergies in marketing, combined product base, and shared technology, among others.

 

  1. Large customer base

When two companies come together, they also bring different consumer bases. As a result, the new firm has access to a large customer segment.

 

  1. Higher revenue

By increasing its market share and consumer base, the new company has the ability to increase its revenue two-fold or more.

 

Drawbacks of horizontal integration

 

Despite the increased potential profitability of horizontal integration from the increased value and synergies, the strategy has some potential drawbacks:

1- Reduces flexibility

Horizontal integration may impede the flexibility of the acquired firm since it must conform to the operations of the bigger company.

 

2- Threatens competition

Mergers and acquisitions of large corporations usually lead to monopolies to the detriment of consumers. Market dominance may fuel unethical practices, such as indefinite hiking of market prices or the narrowing of products and services. For this reason, monopolies are subject to antitrust laws, not to mention the scrutiny of regulatory bodies.

 

 

WEEKLY VOCABULARY 🗣

📌Monopoly: the exclusive possession or control of the supply of or trade in a commodity or service.

📌Commodity: a raw material or primary agricultural product that can be bought and sold, such as copper or coffee.

📌Reasoning: the act of thinking about something in a logical, sensible way.

📌Perception: the ability to see, hear or become aware of something through the senses.

📌Decrease: make or become smaller or fewer in size, amount, intensity, or degree.

 

PHRASAL VERBS ✍

📌(Not) Measure up: it is not satisfactory; it doesn’t compare well with the standards. 

“This designer’s work just doesn’t measure up to the quality we’ve come to expect.”

📌Zero in on: to zero in on something means to focus closely on it.

“We’ve tried a lot of strategies, but we need to zero in on what’s working.”

 

IDIOMS 📒

📌A man is judged by the company he keeps: a person tends to be very similar in attitude, character, ability, or personality to the people with whom they associate or spend time.

📌Be the face of (something): to represent or embody something as a whole in the eyes of the public.

 

 Related Articles:

📌Essential Financial Terms https://www.englishpriority.com/essential-financial-terms/

 

📌5 Tips for Effective Communication with Customers https://www.englishpriority.com/5-tips-for-effective-communication-with-customers/

 

📌Difference Between a Global, Transnational, International and Multinational Company https://docs.google.com/document/d/14BcnCnJoHdmOQFXj5Xc290g2Z_CqZUCRdnYOiZyk8ok/edit?usp=sharing

 

 

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It’s time to advance your career!

“It’s not what you achieve; it’s what you overcome. That’s what defines your career.” —Carlton Fisk.

It is essential to develop your career plan as it gives you the much-needed direction and makes it clear where you see yourself in the future. It makes you aware of your strengths and weaknesses and the skills and knowledge required to achieve your goals in the future.

A large proportion of our lives is spent achieving our career goals; thus, it is crucial to ensure proper steps are taken and correct planning is done.

So, let’s check six things you can do to take control of your career development.

 

1- Self-reflect

Are you happy with the path you’ve taken so far? Are you in the right industry and role? Knowing that is the first step to creating a way to get there.

Set aside some time to reflect on who you are, where you’ve been, and what you ultimately want from your working life.

One of the biggest mistakes people make is to talk about things loosely and not establish clear next steps. Without clearly defined steps and ownership, it’s easy for plans to fail and progress to be lacking.

Writing it down provides a record to reflect on over time and will help you stay on top of making progress.

 

2- Break your goal into small pieces

Getting a promotion, a big raise, or reaching an important goal at work does not happen overnight. Take the time to think about your career growth and break down your goal into the steps you can take to get there. Set goals and create a plan to achieve them.

Brainstorming ways to learn new skills, future projects to get involved in specifically, and mentorship opportunities can build a healthy list of bite-size steps to reach your goals. You can then pick them off one by one as they make sense to achieve regular, incremental progress.

 

3- Check-in at a high level how you’re doing

Top performers constantly learn and adjust and routinely seek feedback from their boss, peers, and subordinates. If your boss doesn’t proactively give you feedback, start the conversation yourself. After a presentation or big meeting, state one thing you think went well and then ask for advice on one thing you could improve. 

Ask your manager things like:

Do you feel my skills are improving in the areas we identified as weaknesses?

What are the most significant barriers I still have to the next promotion, raise, etc.?

How have I performed on recent projects we’ve identified as necessary to my growth?

 

4- Focus on continual learning

You live, and you learn. No matter how old or wise you get, there are always lessons you can understand.

Multiple ways to experience career growth by investing in your career development and progress are available. Check these examples.

Job shadowing can provide enough information about the different jobs. In job shadowing, the participant also sees and experiences the nuances of how the service is provided and the job performed. 

A lateral move is an opportunity for an employee to expand their career path opportunities because it gives them a chance to develop their skills and network with a new circle of employees and customers. 

Also, the lateral move provides a career path for employees through additional training and new experiences or responsibilities. It may help the employee overcome boredom and dissatisfaction they may have had with the previous position.

Hold book clubs at work to develop knowledge, and share terminology, concepts, and team-building with coworkers.

 

5- Enlist your manager as an ally

Your boss can be a great asset to you. They can help pave the way for getting training money, create opportunities for job shadowing or lateral moves, know about future openings and hiring plans that may fit your goals. They also can spot upcoming projects to get you on to gain experience.

 

6- Find a mentor who can help guide you

One of the most effective ways to advance your career is to consult someone whose career path you admire. Seek a mentor from a different department that you’d like to explore. Leaning on someone else’s experience is a great way to gain knowledge and introduce yourself to other opportunities. But pouncing on someone — “Will you be my mentor?” — is likely to scare them off. So, try to meet informally: in the coffee shop in your company’s lobby, or at the company picnic. Know the person’s bio, and be prepared to ask a few good questions related to their area of expertise. If things go well, you’ll hear, “If I can help you, let me know.” In time, a mentor relationship may develop organically.

 

WEEKLY VOCABULARY 🗣

Aspiration: a hope or ambition of achieving something.

Career growth: is the process of climbing the ladder during your working life. 

Working life: the part of a person’s life when they do a job or are at work.

Optional: available to be chosen but not obligatory.

Ally: someone that aligns with and supports a cause with another individual or group of people.

 

 

PHRASAL VERBS

Take (someone) on

“When the boss first took me on, he filled me in on what the job involved, but he didn’t tell me I would have to do so much traveling.”

 Pull together

“It’s amazing how much we can get done when we all pull together, isn’t it?”

 Step down / hand over

“I’m 70 years old now, so I think it’s time for me to step down and hand over my company to my son.”

Get ahead

”She wants to get ahead in her career.”

 

 

IDIOMS 📒 

Chief cook and bottle washer: to be the person who is responsible for everything.

 A big cheese: an important person, a leader (usually about business).

 To crack the whip: to make someone work harder by threatening them.

To bring home the bacon: to earn a living for the family.

 Have a lot on your plate: you have a lot of work and responsibilities at the moment.


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Most Common Job Interview Questions part 3

“If you are insecure, guess what? The rest of the world is too. Do not overestimate the competition and underestimate yourself. You are better than you think.” — T. Harv Eker

11- What is your dream job?

Ideally, your response to the question should reference some elements of the job at hand. For example, if the position is a salesman job, you might say that your dream job would have a high level of interaction with customers. 

You can also focus on your ideal company culture and work environment. For instance, you might say you’re eager to work in a collaborative environment or to be a part of a passionate team. 

Another option is to frame your answer around the industry. For example, if you are applying for a job at an accounting company, you can mention your passion for numbers. 

12- When can you start?

The best way to answer is to be truthful and clear while providing the employer the earliest possible date that you could realistically and comfortably start the job.

If you’re currently employed, say you’re available to start after your notice period with your current employer ends. Never leave for a new position without giving your current employer proper notice.

If you’re unemployed, you still shouldn’t say you’re available to start the next day, just say you’d need one week to prepare yourself. Saying you’re able to start immediately implies that either this job is your first choice, or that your job search isn’t going very well. This can hurt your negotiating power if you receive a job offer.

After providing your answer, you can ask if that fits their timeline, and you can tell them that you’re willing to discuss and adjust based on their needs, for example, “I’m able to begin my next job two to three weeks after being offered a position. Does that fit with the timeframe you have in mind?”

13- Are you willing to relocate?

If the answer is yes, try focusing on what makes this role special to you and your attachment to its location or situation, you convince the interviewer that you’d fit right in, for example, “I’m really excited about this opportunity and feel I could provide great value in this role. I would definitely be open to relocation and look forward to learning more details around this.”

If you really want the job but struggle to commit to relocating, you have to figure out the best way to break that news to the interviewer without hurting your chances. You’ll need to express your conditions clearly before signing up for something you can’t follow through on later.

However, if you might be open to relocation but don’t love this job enough to move for it, it’s probably best you don’t get it and keep your options open for better opportunities in your area.

But if you actually really like the job but want (or need) a little leeway, consider taking the approach of learning yes, but with the caveat that if possible you’d like to stay where you are—or be compensated if you do move. This way, you set yourself up to discuss your options, should the hiring manager decide they like you enough to be flexible on relocation.

14- What do you like to do outside of work?

This is an interview question that can provide insight into how you’ll fit in with other members of the team; it can also provide insight into your personal priorities. Another purpose of this question, however, may be to gauge how you would react to the unexpected.

Don’t be tempted to fib and claim to enjoy hobbies you don’t. Focus on activities that indicate some sort of growth: skills you’re trying to learn, goals you’re trying to accomplish. Weave those in with personal details. For example, “Work and family accounts for a lot of my time. On the weekends, we like to get out to the beach or the park and enjoy nature. It’s a good way for us to reset before tackling the workweek, and a great way to get exercise. I also really like languages, so I’m using my commute time to learn German.”

15- What is your work style?

What interviewers are trying to understand is how well you’ll fit in with the current company culture. 

Keep your answer personal, humble, honest.

Give strict examples if you can but keep it brief. Take the qualities that you feel will make you stand out and put them into the answer instead. You can emphasize the qualities of your work that you appreciate as well.

There are a few traits that can be used to describe a person’s approach.

Cooperative workers do best when they are part of a group. They enjoy bouncing ideas off of others and incorporating feedback. Additionally, diplomacy and relationship-building are common skills for these professionals.

Independents tend to have a lot of self-discipline and may have strong research and problem-solving skills, allowing them to find their own answers when they encounter obstacles.

Another pairing is whether you consider yourself creative or logical. 

Creative types may be better equipped to find unique solutions to problems. They also tend to be thoughtful, highly emotionally aware, and very expressive.

A logical person may be more detail- or data-oriented. Strategic thinking could be a strength, as well as organization and planning.



WEEKLY VOCABULARY 🗣

Free time: time when you do not have to work, study, etc., and can do what you want.

Unexpected: not expected or regarded as likely to happen.

Difference: a point or way in which people or things are not the same.

Cooperative: involving mutual assistance in working toward a common goal.

Cautious: careful to avoid potential problems or dangers.


PHRASAL VERBS

Check somebody/something out

“The company checks out all new employees.”

Figure something out

“I am going to figure out this math problem.”

Find out

“Did you find out why Jason got fired?”

Pay for something

“People earning low wages will find it difficult to pay for childcare.”

Sort something out

“We need to sort the bills out before the first of the month.”


IDIOMS 📒

The blue-eyed boy: a person who can do nothing wrong.

Work all the hours that God sends: work as much as possible.

Get off on the wrong foot: start off badly with someone.

Beat around the bush: not say exactly what you want.

Get your feet under the table: get settled in.




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Employment Vocabulary

Full-time: employment at or above a certain number of hours. In most places, full-time work means either 30+ or 40+ hours per week.

 

Part-time: employed for or occupying only part of the typical working day or week.

 

Temporary employment: a limited period of time, approximately several weeks or months, perhaps covering for someone sick or on a leave period.

 

Casual employment: an employee is only guaranteed work when needed, and there is no expectation that there will be more work in the future. 

 

Freelance: working for different companies at different times rather than being permanently employed by one company.

 

Self-employed: working for oneself as a freelancer or a business owner rather than for an employer. 

 

Remote employee: someone who is employed by a company but works outside of a traditional office environment. That location can be your bedroom floor, a home office, or your favorite cafe.

 

Fixed-term employment: a contract in which an enterprise hires an employee for a specific period of time, but the employee is not on the company’s payroll. Usually, the contract is for a year but can be renewed after the term expires, depending on the requirement. 

 

Outsourced: a company hires a third party to perform tasks, handle operations or provide services for the company.

 

Zero-hour contract: a type of employment contract whereby the employer is not obliged to provide any minimum number of working hours to the employee. This is typical in fast food chains when the employee might get 10 hours one week and 15 the next, but this is at the choice of the management.

 

Project-based: employed for a period of time until a project is completed, and then you wait to see what is offered or move on to the next project.

 

Flextime: a system of working a set number of hours with the employee’s starting and finishing times chosen within agreed limits.

 

Shift work: work comprising set periods of time, and different groups of workers perform their duties at other times of the day and night, for example, nurses, cops, firefighters.

 

Overtime pay: money earned at an increased rate for working more than the usual number of hours in one week.

 

Holiday pay: any form of paid time off, such as a government-declared holiday, maternity leave, or sick time off.

 

A wage paid by the day: the amount of money earned for one day’s work.

 

Working conditions: things that will affect the quality of your work (working hours, rest periods, work schedules, quality of your working space, sick pay, etc.)

 

Benefits: items and services offered by a company on top of monetary compensation, for example, medical insurance, dental insurance, retirement benefits, disability insurance, paid time off.

 

Wage continuation: any payment that consists of the same wage amount and employee benefit package that is paid to an individual when services are no longer being performed as was paid when services were being performed.

 

Pay slip: a note given to an employee when they have been paid, detailing the amount of pay given, and the tax and insurance deducted.

 

Redundancy pay: the amount of money received to compensate for being asked to leave (made redundant) because your job is no longer needed.

 

Unemployment benefits: payments made by the state to an unemployed person who meets the required conditions.

 

Internship: a temporary work program offered by an organization to an individual, often a student or recent graduate, looking to build experience or skills in a particular field.

 

Apprenticeship: a fixed period of time during which an apprentice is trained.

 

Sick leave: absence because of illness.

 

Pink slip: a notice of dismissal from employment.

 

Employee roster: a schedule with a list of employees, and associated working times and/or responsibilities for a given time period, for example, week, month, or season.

 

Skeleton-staff: the minimum number of employees needed to operate a business during a vacation, weekend, or other period when people do not normally work, or full staffing is not necessary, for example, Sundays or public holidays.



WEEKLY VOCABULARY 🗣

Wage: a fixed regular payment, typically paid on a daily or weekly basis, made by an employer to an employee, especially to a manual or unskilled worker.

Occupation: a job or profession.

Overtime: time in addition to what is normal, as time worked beyond one’s scheduled working hours.

Free time: time available for hobbies and other activities that you enjoy.

Negotiation: discussion aimed at reaching an agreement.

 

PHRASAL VERBS

Hurry up

“You must hurry up, or you’ll be late today.”

Contract out

“They got a contract out on me!”

Hold of

“John worked as a bank economist as well as continuing to hold the position of vice-president.”

Deal with

“I’m not sure how to deal with my manager.”

Have to do with

“My question has to do with last week’s assignment.”

 

IDIOMS 📒

Bang-up job: very good or excellent work.

Dead-end job: a job where you don’t see any opportunity for growth, getting a promotion, or building a successful career.

Golden handshake: a big payment made to people when they leave their job.

Golden parachute: a large payment made to a senior company executive who has been forced to leave their job.

Nine-to-five: used to describe work that begins at 9:00 a.m. and ends at 5:00 p.m., usually from Monday to Friday. The term generally implies a stable job in an office.



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Most Common Job Interview Questions Part 2

“One important key to success is self-confidence. An important key to self-confidence is preparation.” — Arthur Ashe

 

6- What are your salary expectations?

Working out the best way to answer this job interview question requires careful consideration – because you need to avoid sounding unrealistic while at the same time making sure that you do not seem indifferent.

The number one rule of answering this question is: Don’t say a specific number or even a narrow salary range that you’re targeting. Figure out your salary requirements ahead of time. Do your research on what similar roles pay by using sites like PayScale and reaching out to your network. Be sure to take your experience, education, skills, and personal needs into account, too.

Stay realistic and focused, taking into consideration your salary from your current or previous job. 

Tell them that you’re focused on finding the best-fitting role and that you don’t have a specific target salary in mind yet.

 

Let’s see some examples, 

 

“At this point in my job search, I’m focused on finding the position that’s the best fit for my skills and career. Once I’ve done that, I’m willing to consider an offer that you feel is fair for the role.”

 

“I’m currently earning a base salary of $55,000. I don’t have a specific number in mind that I’m targeting for this next position, though, and I’m willing to consider an offer that you feel is fair.”

 

“My priority in my job search is to find a position that’s a great fit and will allow me to continue learning and becoming more skilled, but I do not have a specific number in mind yet.  That said, I did some baseline research into salaries for this type of role here in Montevideo and found that the average seems to be in the US$ 50,000 to US$ 60,000 range, so if your job is within that range, I think it makes sense to keep talking.”

 

7- Where do you see yourself in five years?

An employer is usually looking for people who know how to find solutions to any problems. But, the main issue of this question is to understand how your career goals and ambitions fit with the company’s plans.

Be honest and specific about your future goals. Pick a work-related plan of where you’d like to be five years from now, and make sure it’s slightly challenging or ambitious-sounding. Make sure to share a goal that is related to the type of job you’re interviewing for. You want to sound like the experience you’ll gain in this job fits your long-term goals.

 

For example, 

“In 5 years, I hope to sharpen my skills in two specific areas of teaching: technology in the elementary classroom and social-emotional learning. I would love to become an expert in those areas so I can use technology as a literacy tool to create a more inclusive learning environment for elementary school children, mainly with those with TDAH.”

 

Wrong answer examples: 

“Though I am entry-level, I want to be CEO in five years.” or “There are so many talented people here. I just want to do a great job and see where my talents take me.”

 

8- What are your greatest strengths?

You have to reply explaining your strengths and how your skills can represent real added value for the company. You can answer using phrases like the ones below, remembering always to contextualize them. In other words, don’t rattle off a list of adjectives. Instead, pick one or a few specific qualities relevant to this position and illustrate them with examples. Stories are more memorable than generalizations. 

 

For example, “I’m what you call a ‘people person’, and I truly believe that it is this quality that has led to my success as a salesperson. I not only met but exceeded my sales targets every quarter for the four years I’ve worked in sales. In one memorable exchange, a client told me she picked our company for a big contract because I remembered that her son was sick the week before and took the time to ask about him. She said it showed that our company made client care one of our top priorities – which was true.”

 

9- How would you describe your ideal boss?

This is another question about finding the right fit – both from the company’s perspective and yours. Be honest in your answer, but try to be as positive as possible. Think back on what worked well for you in the past and what didn’t. What did previous bosses do that motivated you and helped you succeed and grow? Pick one or two things to focus on and consistently articulate them with positive framing (even if your preference comes from an experience where your manager behaved oppositely, phrase it as what you would want a manager to do). Focus more on high-level attributes, not stuff that’s in the weeds. If you can, give a positive example from a great boss as it’ll make your answer even stronger.

 

For example, “I like a manager who’s more hands-off when it comes to day-to-day responsibilities because I believe that a manager that empowers employees to do better and gives them the trust to problem solve on their own allows them to be more successful.”

 

Wrong answer examples,

“Actually, I “work well with any kind of person.”

“The most important attribute in a boss, in your opinion, is someone who only emails you in the mornings.”

“I want a boss who takes me out to drink to celebrate big achievements.”

 

10- Do you have any questions for us?

Asking questions shows interest in the position and shows employers that you’re looking for the right fit, not just any job. This will make them trust you more and want you more.

It also allows you to get a sense of the company atmosphere, where the company’s going, and if it’s the right fit for you.

You can ask about the responsibilities, training, the overall direction of the company, the biggest challenges for someone in this position, new projects, products, clients, or growth plans.

Don’t ask about salary, benefits, time off, or anything unrelated to the job offer. Wait for them to bring it up, or until you know, they want to offer you the position.

 

WEEKLY VOCABULARY 🗣

Experience: (the process of getting) knowledge or skill from doing, seeing, or feeling things.

Take initiative: be the first to take action in a particular situation.

Candidate: a person who applies for a job.

Contribution: the part played by a person or thing in bringing about a result or helping something to advance.

Personal development: any skill that you want to develop to improve yourself.



PHRASAL VERBS

Rely on

“I am someone you can rely on.”

Go ahead

‘May I start now?’ ‘Yes, go ahead.’

Think back

“When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.”

Get back 

“It’s too late. I need to get back to work.”

Depend on

“It depends on the job, but what I want to see is competency in your role.”



IDIOMS 📒

Baptism by fire: a difficult task given right after one has assumed new responsibilities.

Be in seventh heaven: extremely happy.

Be snowed under: be extremely busy with work or things to do.

You snooze, you lose: if you delay or are not alert, you will miss opportunities.

Whistle in the dark: To be unrealistically confident or brave; to talk about something of which one has little knowledge.

 

 

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Types of Motivation to Achieve your Goals

Types of Motivation to Achieve your Goals

 

Motivation is the key to everything, and that’s something almost no one tells you when you first begin working towards your dreams.

Using motivation to achieve goals and complete tasks is most impactful when you can identify the type that works for you the best. Most types of motivation fall into one of these categories: intrinsic and extrinsic.

Everything that makes you feel good within yourself is fueled by intrinsic motivation—for example, learning to play guitar or going to the gym.

Extrinsic motivation comes from someone or something else outside of the person being motivated, for example, an employee that gets fairly paid after doing a good job. At the same time, he comes to work on time because he knows he will lose money or even be fired if he comes late.

Now, let’s learn about 6 types of motivation that can definitely help you to reach your goals.

 

1- Attitude Motivation

A problem with our attitude, perspectives, and beliefs is an issue that many of us face. It can become a problem regarding how we flow through life, to the point that we begin to lose our happiness and miss out on our dreams.

Attitude-motivated people seek to enhance their interactions with others by improving social engagements. It focuses on making people around you feel better about you and themselves.

This type of motivation is based on the willingness to change the world, make something good, or help people. Of course, it also comes from culture, education, and other aspects of one’s personality.

An example of the aforementioned is helping an older woman to carry her shop bags way back home regardless of the day’s stress and tiredness. There is no tangible reward to it, but an attitude motivation sponsors the feeling of helping someone.

 

2- Incentive motivation

People who are incentive-motivated typically don’t focus on the process of achieving a goal so long as they get the reward. In other words, they are motivated to perform a task because of the potential reward.

For example, you want a raise. Why? Because you want a higher living standard that you can acquire with the extra pay. So, thinking about the desired pay raise can energize you to meet your production or sales quotas. 

 

3- Achievement motivation

This motivation entails performing tasks to achieve specific objectives, just for personal development.

In other words, those who use achievement-based motivation focus on reaching a goal for the sake of the achievement and the feeling of accomplishment attached to it —and they likely care more about committing themselves to a vision and accomplishing an objective than attaining awards. Also, this motivation propels the motivated person to feel worthy when the feat is achieved.

The best example of achievement motivation is found in sports. The Olympic athletes are passionate about what they do. They want to be the best and write their names in history.

For a scientist whose work is to create a vaccine, his fulfillment is in creating a life-saving product rather than the potential commercial value of the discovery. 

In an organization, it can be a desire to be the best in the department. It is often used in sales departments, like a leaderboard or the wall of fame. Also, a fair bonus is usually included.

Another common example is certification. An employee wants to get a certificate to prove their skills.

 

4- Power-based motivation

Those who find happiness in becoming more powerful or creating massive change will definitely be fueled by power-based motivation.

If you’re looking to make changes, power-based motivation may just be the way to go. It can be a positive way of developing your career, but it can also lead to challenges.

For example, you would like to advance to a more senior managerial position in your company to be in charge of a team. A great leader will inspire people to overcome challenges and will help them organize their work. He will take this responsibility for them and will lead. So, to make yourself more eligible for a promotion, you complete a management training course and apply for an open position in your company.

 

5- Fear-based motivation

It is a motivational type that drives people to achieve something they otherwise won’t have been able to. It is not based on any monetary reward but on the fear of pain or loss.

When you become accountable either to someone you care about or to the general public, you create a motivation for yourself rooted in fear of failure or disappointing others. This fear helps you carry out your vision so that you do not fail in front of those aware of your goal.

A good example is trying to be at work on time because your manager has promised that anybody that comes late more than once will not just be fined but fired. To avoid this, you wake up early every morning to beat traffic and be at work. This sudden change will be fear-based, not because of the love of the work.

 

6- Competence motivation

This type of motivation is beneficial for learning new skills and figuring out ways around obstacles that one faces within different areas of life. 

This competence pushes people to become highly proficient at what they do, becoming subject matter specialists in critical aspects of their jobs. Such professionals include neurosurgeons, aeronautics engineers, and other specialists who use their problem-solving skills to respond to unique problems. For this set of people, their motivation comes from using their competence, where it will make the most significant difference.

 

WEEKLY VOCABULARY 🗣

Motivation: the general desire or willingness of someone to do something.

Ambition: desire and determination to achieve success.

Objective: (of a person or their judgment) not influenced by personal feelings or opinions in considering and representing facts.

Determination: firmness of purpose; resoluteness.

Willpower: control exerted to do something or restrain impulses.



PHRASAL VERBS

Make it

“Keep putting in the work, and you’re going to make it to the pros.”

Make out

“How are you making out with the new job?”

Catch on

“I didn’t catch on to what was going on.”

Get there

“Edward wants to be an Olympic athlete and is prepared to change himself to get there.”

Get on

“You’ve got to put it behind you and get on with your life.”

 

IDIOMS 📒

A dream come true: making something you really wanted has come true.

To turn over a new leaf: to start behaving in a better way.

The sky’s the limit: nothing is impossible.

Blood, sweat, and tears: extremely hard work.

Move heaven and earth: to do everything you can.

 

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Most common Job Interview questions part 1

“Opportunities don’t happen; you create them.” — Chris Grosser.

The goal of anticipating interview questions isn’t to memorize responses but rather to get comfortable talking about these topics. 

The key is to understand the purpose of the interview and how it fits into the hiring process.

Below, we’ve put together commonly-asked interview questions, including example answers to help you make a great first impression.

1- Tell me about yourself

This is probably the most common question used to start a job interview, and you’ll have to respond by giving personal information, details about your career, your skills, and your studies. It’s an open-ended question that can tempt you to share too much irrelevant information. So it’s essential to keep your answer focused on your career and abilities. The interviewer wants you to demonstrate your skills, job experience, future goals, and how you’ll fit in with the company culture. Prepare to say a few things about your accomplishments, strengths, and a quick summary of your career. Be sure to keep your answer brief with a 60 to 90-second answer.

 

Don’t answer: “I’m from Osaka. I have two brothers. I love to play the guitar. My favorite food in the world is sushi.” 

 

Better say: “I’m an electrical engineer with ten years of experience in car building. After earning my electrician’s certificate at ABC Tech, I apprenticed with Toyota Motor Corporation, and then they hired me as a journeyman electrician. In 2018, I earned my degree in electrical engineering at Waseda University.”

 

2- Why are you interested in this job? / Why are you interested in working at this company?

The employer wants to know why you think this job is a match for your career objectives. Impress the interviewer by researching about their organization beforehand. This will show genuine interest in the role and the organization.

Take the time to describe how your qualifications are a match for the job. Highlight your skills and experiences concerning the company you want to join. 

It’s important to focus on how your abilities and experience can benefit the company and position. You need to sell yourself as a business-of-one who can provide a service better than the competition. And, it’s in no way a chance to mention the benefits or salary or day-to-day tasks. 

 

Don’t answer: “Actually, this job pays really well!”  or “I’ve been unemployed for a long time, so I really need to get a job.” 

 

Better say: “I’m very interested in the Sales Manager job. As you mentioned in the job listing, I’d be responsible for designing and implementing a strategic sales plan that expands the company’s customer base and ensures its strong presence. Also managing recruiting, objectives setting, coaching, and performance monitoring of sales representatives. I was responsible for all three functions in my most recent position as Sales Manager Assistant at Kontoor Brands Company. I recruited over 100 employees and led training for all new staff members in a department of 50 people in that role. I’m interested in this job because it would allow me to use my previous experience while continuing to develop my expertise in new areas of responsibility.”

 

3- Why are you leaving your current job / Why did you leave your last job?

Your response will say a lot about what you’re looking for in an employer, so answer this question honestly and objectively. Focus on a positive reason such as career growth and challenge. 



Don’t answer: “The last company I worked for was a hell hole. I would do my best to never work for any bigoted employer.”



Better say: “I had been with the organization for several years and wanted to experience a new environment to continue growing.”

Wrong answer example: “The targets set at work were not realistic and hard to achieve.” 

 

If you were fired, tell the truth but also be strategic in your response. Avoid any answers that reflect poorly on you. Make sure you never badmouth your former employer. Take responsibility, and don’t sound bitter or angry about the past. Show the interviewer what you learned and what steps you’ve taken to ensure this never happens again. Your best bet is to keep your answer short. Every situation is unique, so be sure to tailor your response to fit your circumstances.

 

Or say, “Actually I left involuntarily, the job wasn’t working out, so my boss and I agreed that it was time for me to move on to a position that would show a better return for both of us. So, I’m available and ready to work.”

 

4- Why should we hire you?

Your answer to this question should be a concise sales pitch that explains what you have to offer the employer. 

Review the job description before the interview. Make a list of the requirements for the position, including personality traits, skills, and qualifications. Then, make a list of the qualities you have that fit those requirements. Select five to seven strengths that correspond closely to the job requirements, and use these as the core for your answer. It’s also vital to deliver specific examples. The more concrete examples you can give, the better you will showcase your value to the hiring manager.

 

Don’t answer: “I desperately need this job. I am an honest, hardworking, and responsible person. Also, I have a sick mom to support.” 

 

Better say: “I am a superb consultative salesperson, never failing to surpass my quotas and break prior personal sales records because I truly enjoy working with customers. I increased their sales numbers by 24% at my previous company by integrating social media into their sales strategies. I will bring that innovative and entrepreneurial spirit to your company, and your success will be my top priority.”

 

5- What are your weaknesses?

Knowing your limitations and being willing to discuss them can portray honesty and a willingness to work on these limitations. When answering this question, focus on weaknesses that can be solved by implementing specific actions. 



Don`t answer: “I am talkative, and that distracts me from work.”

 

Better say: “one of my weaknesses is my nervousness when it comes to public speaking. However, I have found that practicing breathwork and rehearsing my speech beforehand significantly helps reduce this nervousness.”

 

WEEKLY VOCABULARY 🗣

 

WORDS

Self-assurance: confidence in one’s abilities or character.

Mistake: an action or judgment that is misguided or wrong.

Weakness: the state or condition of lacking strength.

Avoid: keep away from or stop oneself from doing (something).

Interviewer: a person who interviews someone, especially as a job.



PHRASAL VERBS

Fit in “I think that I could see myself fitting in this company.”

Reach out “I reached out to you because I saw your job posting in the newspaper.”

Get into “How did you get into this kind of work?”

Follow through with “My boss told me he thinks I’m good at following through with long-term goals.”

Keep up “Well done, Charles. Keep up the great work!”

 

IDIOMS 📒

Like riding a bike: something that you never forget how to do.

Bad taste in one’s mouth: a feeling that something unspecified is wrong in a situation.

Don’t judge a book by its cover: not judging something by its initial appearance.

On the ball: doing a good job, being prompt, or being responsible.

A snowball effect: something has momentum and builds on each other, much like rolling a snowball down a hill to make it bigger.

 

 

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